ISSN 2413-2322 (Online)

ISSN 2221-1055 (Print)

UDS: 330.8:338.2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.202101015
Наукове забезпечення розвитку агропромислового комплексу

Transformation of organizational and legal forms of agriculture from multistructure to latifundation / Mohylnyi O.M. // Ekonomika APK. - 2021. - № 1 - P. 15

The purpose of the article is to analyze the post-reform state of the organizational and legal structure of agriculture and outline the possible risks of latifundation with the introduction of a market turnover of rights to land plots. Research methods. The research was based on general scientific and economic research methods, the work of Ukrainian scientists on terminology, regulations, data from the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine and Internet resources. The principle of historicism helped to elucidate the root causes of the origin of the term "multistructural nature" of the organizational and legal structure of agriculture in the 1920s of the last century and the prerequisites for the possible spread of latifundia in the context of the proposed model of the market turnover of rights to land plots. Analytical and statistical tools and an empirical approach made it possible to compare the dynamics of agricultural assets, the productivity of economic entities and use the method of grouping by their number, absolute and relative land area in cultivation (including rural households) for 2010-2019. Abstract-logical techniques made it possible to reveal the archaic nature of the term "multi-structuredness" to characterize the post-reform functioning of agriculture, conceptually characterize its main features, formulate appropriate conclusions and determine the prospects for further research in line with the designated topic. Research results. It has been proved that “multistructurality” is historically conditioned, that is, transitory, since it was used in another socio-political formation and had a purely party-ideological justification for measures aimed at eliminating private forms of farming in the countryside in the 1920s. Hence, the "multistructure" does not carry a positive-meaningful definition when characterizing the agricultural production of Ukraine, and even more incorrectly when defining it as one of the indicators of the strategic development of the industry. In our opinion, taking into account the main features of the transitional state of the agricultural sector, it is advisable to define it as a mixed agrarian economy with various organizational and legal forms of activity and organizational and production structure, but with real prerequisites for a creeping process of latifundation and monopoly and the displacement of small and medium-sized enterprises in the future. enterprises. The basis for this is lobbying by agricultural holdings, companies with foreign investments, international lenders and foreign technical projects of their interests on the introduction in Ukraine of a neoliberal model of the market turnover of rights to agricultural land. Scientific novelty. The incorrectness of the use of the term "multistructure" in scientific works and regulatory legal acts to characterize the current transitive state of the organizational and legal structure of agriculture in Ukraine has been proved. Practical significance. Compliance with the terminological culture of agroeconomic science in general and the use of the concept of "multistructure", in particular, can be useful in the study of the post-reform state of the agricultural sector of the Ukrainian economy and in the development of draft legislative and other normative acts on sustainable development. Tabl.: 1. Figs.: 1. Refs.: 25.
Key words: multi-structure; organizational and legal structure of agriculture; mixed agrarian economy; agricultural holdings, latifundation

References

  1. Brus, V.Kh. (2004). Uklad i riznoukladnist yak naukovi katehorii [Structure and diversity as scientific categories]. Yurchyshyn, V.V., Shevchenko, L.M., Brus, V.Kh., et al. Rozvytok riznoukladnosti na seli: osoblyvosti, problemy: monohrafiia. Kyiv: NNTs «IAE» [In Ukrainian].
  2. Haidutskyi, P.I. (2020). Ahrarna reforma L. D. Kuchmy v Ukraini [Agrarian reform of LD Kuchma in Ukraine. Kyiv: DKS Tsentr [In Ukrainian].
  3. Honcharenko, V.V. & Panteleimonenko, A.O. (2020). Dyskusiini aspekty vykorystannia termina «sotsialna ekonomika» v suchasnii ukrainskii ekonomichnii nautsi [Discussion aspects of the use of the term "social economy" in modern Ukrainian economics]. Istoriia narodnoho hospodarstva ta ekonomichnoi dumky Ukrainy, vol. 53, pp. 83–102 [In Ukrainian].
  4. Kvasniuk, B.Ye. & Kireiev, S.I. (1999). Modeli sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku v perekhidnomu suspilstvi [Models of socio-economic development in a transitional society]. Transformatsiia modeli ekonomiky Ukrainy (ideolohiia, protyrichchia, perspektyvy): monohrafiia (V.M. Heits (Ed.). Kyiv: Lohos [In Ukrainian].
  5. Koretskyi, M.Kh. (2002). State regulation of the agricultural sector in a market economy: monograph [Derzhavne rehuliuvannia ahrarnoi sfery u rynkovii ekonomitsi: monohrafiia]. Kyiv: Vyd-vo UADU [In Ukrainian].
  6. Lemish, Yu. (1953). Kolhospne rabstvo [Collective farm slavery]. Elektronnyi arkhiv ukrainskoho vyzvolnoho rukhu [In Ukrainian].
  7. Mazaraki, A.A. & Lahutin, V.D. (2020). Perspektyvy metodolohichnykh zmin v ekonomichnii teorii ХХ stolittia [Prospects for methodological changes in economic theory of the twentieth century]. Ekonomichna teoriia, 1, pp. 4–15 [In Ukrainian].
  8. Mohylnyi, O.M. (2020). Derehuliatsiia yak vyrishalnyi faktor masovoi instytutsionalizatsii simeinykh fermerskykh hospodarstv [Deregulation as a decisive factor in the mass institutionalization of family farms]. Ekonomika APK, 8, pp. 112–115 [In Ukrainian].
  9. Novyi tlumachnyi slovnyk ukrainskoi movy u chotyrokh tomakh [New explanatory dictionary of the Ukrainian language in four volumes]. (1998). T. 2, 4. Kyiv: «Akoit» [In Ukrainian].
  10. Orhanizatsiino-pravovi formy reformovanykh silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstv v Ukraini: yaki vysnovky mozhut buty zrobleni? [Organizational and legal forms of reformed agricultural enterprises in Ukraine: what conclusions can be drawn?]. Instytut ekonomichnykh doslidzhen ta politychnykh konsultatsii v Ukraini. Nimetska konsultatyvna hrupa z pytan ekonomichnykh reform. Retrieved from: https: // www/ ier.kiev.ua [In Ukrainian].
  11. Statystychnyi biuleten «Osnovni silskohospodarski kharakterystyky domohospodarstv u silskii mistsevosti za 2017 rik» [Statistical bulletin "Main agricultural characteristics of households in rural areas in 2017"]. Retrieved from: 12.01.2021 http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [In Ukrainian].
  12. Osnovy marksizma-leninizma: uchebnoe posobie [Foundations of Marxism-Leninism: textbook]. (1960). Moskva: Gosizdat politicheskoj literatury [In Russian].
  13. Panchyshyn S. M. & Hrabunina, I.V. (2020). Pro vitchyznianu terminosystemu fundamentalnoi ekonomichnoi nauky [On the domestic terminology of basic economics]. Ekonomichna teoriia, 2, pp. 99–115 [In Ukrainian].
  14. Parsiak, V.N. (2004). Formuvannia korporatyvnykh vidnosyn v systemi maloho pidpryiemnytstva [Formation of corporate relations in the system of small business]. Doctor’s thesis. Kyiv [In Ukrainian].
  15. Pro skhvalennia Stratehii rozvytku ahrarnoho sektora ekonomiky na period do 2020 roku: Rozporiadzhenniam Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 17 zhovtnia 2013 roku # 806 [On approval of the Strategy for the development of the agricultural sector of the economy until 2020: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of October 17, 2013 No. 806]. Retrieved from: https //zakon.rada.qov.ua [In Ukrainian].
  16. Sabluk, P.T., Ambrosova, V.Ya., Maznieva, H.Ye. (2000). Problemy ekonomiky ahropromyslovoho kompleksu i formuvannia yoho kadrovoho potentsialu: monohrafiia [Problems of economy of agro-industrial complex and formation of its personnel potential: monograph]. Kyiv: IAE UAAN [In Ukrainian].
  17. Prokopa, I.V. &, Borodin, O.M. (2018). Vzaiemopov’iazanist ahrarnoho i silskoho rozvytku [The interconnectedness of agricultural and rural development]. Ahrarnyi i silskyi rozvytok dlia zrostannia ta onovlennia ukrainskoi ekonomiky: nauk. dop. (O.M. Borodina, O.V. Shubravska (Ed.). Kyiv: NAN Ukrainy, DU «Instytut ekonomiky ta prohnozuvannia NAN Ukrainy [In Ukrainian].
  18. Lupenko, Yu.O., et al. (2018). Rozvytok form hospodariuvannia v silskomu hospodarstvi: problemy i rishennia: naukova dopovid [Development of forms of management in agriculture: problems and solutions: scientific report]. Kyiv: NNTs «IAE» [In Ukrainian].
  19. Sapych, V.I. (2019). Sotsialno-ekonomichni osnovy rozvytku vidnosyn vlasnosti na zemliu v ahrarnomu sektori ekonomiky: monohrafiia [Socio-economic bases of development of land ownership relations in the agricultural sector of the economy: monograph]. Sumy: FOP Lytovchenko Ye.B. [In Ukrainian].
  20. Svetlana, Moroz. TOP-10 shem prisvoenija zemli do snjatija moratorija na prodazhu [TOP-10 schemes of land appropriation before the lifting of the moratorium on sale]. Retrieved from: http://agroportal.ua/ [In Russian].
  21. Statystychnyi zbirnyk Ukrainy «Silske hospodarstvo» za rizni roky [Statistical collection of Ukraine "Agriculture" for different years]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [In Ukrainian].
  22. Prohorov, A.M., et al. (1988). Sovetskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' [Soviet encyclopedic dictionary]. Moskva: Sov. Jenciklopedija [In Russian].
  23. Statystychnyi biuleten za 2010 i 2019 roky «Sotsialno-demohrafichni kharakterystyky domohospodarstv Ukrainy» (za danymy vybirkovoho obstezhennia) [Statistical bulletin for 2010 and 2019 "Socio-demographic characteristics of households in Ukraine" (according to a sample survey)]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [In Ukrainian].
  24. Ukraina u druhii polovyni 18 stolittia [Ukraine in the second half of the 18th century]. Retrieved from: https://osvita.ua/vnz/reports/history/35680/ [In Ukrainian].
  25. Khodakivska, O.V. & Mohylnyi, O.M. (2020). Selianske pytannia – vid obshchynnoho zemlevolodinnia do ekspansii ahrokholdynhiv: monohrafiia [The peasant question - from communal land ownership to the expansion of agricultural holdings: monograph]. Kyiv: NNTs «IAE» [In Ukrainian].
Read article: ekonomikaapk_2021_01_p_15_27.pdf