ISSN 2413-2322 (Online)

ISSN 2221-1055 (Print)

UDS: 339.5.053:338.43:005.52 (477:6) DOI: https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.202103033
Аграрний ринок

Status and prospects of development of grain exports from Ukraine to African countries / Cheremisina S.H. // Ekonomika APK. - 2021. - № 3 - P. 33

The purpose of the article is to analyze the dynamics of volumes, commodity and territorial structure, trends in grain exports to African countries and develop short-term forecasts of exports of products that are most in demand, namely wheat, barley and corn. Research methods. In the process of research a number of methods were used: abstract-logical - to formulate conclusions; comparative analysis - to compare indicators and identify trends in their change; tabular - for a visual representation of the results of the study; statistical - in determining the variation in the volume of exports of wheat, barley and corn to African countries; settlement and constructive - to determine the role of Ukrainian grain exports in total imports of African countries; monographic - in assessing the current state and justifying the directions of development of grain exports to the African continent; methods of trend extrapolation - for the development of forecasts of exports from Ukraine to African countries of wheat, barley, corn; graphic - to illustrate the obtained forecast export trends. Research results. A study of the dynamics of volumes and structural changes in the export of agro-food products from Ukraine was carried out, an increase in the share of commodity groups of food products by 14.2% in total exports was established, and structural dynamic shifts by types of food products were analyzed. It is proved that for the period from 1996 to 2020 the total export from Ukraine to Africa increased 23 times, import flows of goods increased 6 times, and the ratio of import coverage to exports increased to 6. A comprehensive analysis of the structure of wheat, barley and corn exports to countries of Africa. The top 10 largest partner countries of Ukraine in the structure of exports / imports of goods on the African continent have been identified. Forecasts of natural and value volumes of wheat, barley and corn exports from Ukraine to the African continent have been developed. Scientific novelty. Methodological and practical aspects of research and development of prospects for increasing the grain crops export to new markets - the countries of the African continent - have been further developed. Practical significance. These approaches and the results of the study can be used by public and sectoral authorities in organizing analytical work and developing measures to enhance the export orientation of domestic grain market products to Africa. Tabl.: 4. Figs.: 3. Refs.: 18.
Key words: export; grain crops; grain market conditions; production; development; forecast; efficiency

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