ISSN 2413-2322 (Online)

ISSN 2221-1055 (Print)

UDS: 620.925:658.567:631.115.11(477) DOI: https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.202103050
Матеріально-технічне забезпечення аграрної сфери

Evaluation of the efficiency of using individual biogas plants for processing biowaste of peasant farms / Pryshliak N.V. // Ekonomika APK. - 2021. - № 3 - P. 50

The purpose of the article is to determine the prospects for the introduction of biogas technologies by households in Ukraine and the energy, economic and environmental benefits from their use. Research methods. Dialectical methods of cognition of processes and phenomena, analysis and synthesis were used - to study the current state of waste accumulation by households; empirical - for a comprehensive assessment of the current state of household provision; scientific abstraction - to summarize the results, form conclusions and determine the prospects for biogas production in peasant households in Ukraine. Research results. The analysis of the main characteristics of households in Ukraine is carried out and the prerequisites for organizing the production of biogas by households are determined. According to the assessment of household income and expenses, it was determined that the costs of housing and communal services tend to grow. In addition, the prices for natural gas for the population will also grow, thus replacing natural gas with biogas of our own production becomes especially relevant. The potential of biogas production from household waste in Ukraine has been analyzed. The positive economic and environmental factors of the construction of individual biogas plants for rural residents are characterized. A number of measures have been proposed to facilitate the construction of individual biogas plants. The positive effects of waste and wastewater utilization have been determined. Proposals have been formulated for the development of individual biogas plants in Ukraine. Scientific novelty. The advantages of biogas production in individual biogas plants from biowaste in Ukraine have been substantiated. The economic benefits of biogas production by households are presented. Possible obstacles for the construction of individual biogas plants are considered. Practical significance. The applied significance of the results is considered as the basis for the formation of a strategy for the production of biofuels from agricultural crops and waste in Ukraine. Tabl.: 6. Figs.: 3. Refs.: 13.
Key words: households; efficiency; biogas; biowaste; biogas reactors

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