ISSN 2413-2322 (Online)

ISSN 2221-1055 (Print)

UDS: 631.115.11:330.341.2(477) DOI: https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.202104095
Наукова дискусія

Development of farms in the organizational and economic support of employment of the population / Shpykuliak O.H., Alieksieieva O.V. // Ekonomika APK. - 2021. - № 4 - P. 95

The purpose of the article is to carry out the economic and institutional analysis of development of farms and to define prospects of strengthening of a role of this form of managing in organizational and economic maintenance of employment of the population in agricultural production. Research methods. In the process of research a number of general scientific and special methods were used, in particular: system-structural analysis and synthesis as the main methodological tool (for analysis of development and efficiency of farms in the context of employment performance evaluations); monographic (in determining the nature and methodological assessment of the priority of the role of farms as promising to ensure the socio-economic development of the territories); extrapolation (when substantiating the promising strategic priorities for the development of family farming as an entrepreneurial subsystem to ensure opportunities to solve problems of sustainable development of rural areas and employment of the rural population). Research results. The methodological context is outlined and empirical assessments of the role and trends in the development of farms in the organizational and economic support of employment are made. The specifics of characterizing the importance of farms as subjects of entrepreneurial activity in the agricultural sector of the economy, which have a special socio-economic significance in the status of implementation of the functions of the labor institution while ensuring its productivity and efficiency. A comparative assessment of the efficiency of production activities of agricultural enterprises and farms according to the product approach in the format of profitability estimates. The concept of perspective significance of family farms in the mechanism of their institutionalization into the market mechanism of agricultural employment is characterized. Scientific novelty. It is proved that in Ukraine farms, in particular family farms are extremely important in solving the problems of rural activity, are able to implement programs of mass development of agricultural employment, as well as contribute to the sustainable development of territories. It is established that farming gradually acquires efficiency that prevails over other forms of management, which is associated with the motivation of work on the basis of family employment, the personification of the results of employment on one's own farm. Theoretical and methodological assumptions are conceptualized and practical assessments of the exceptional importance of the priority of systemic support for the development of family farming in rural areas within the implementation of the global trend of promoting sustainable development as a priority model of entrepreneurial employment, a mechanism to improve welfare. Practical significance. The definition of the role of farms and family farms in the organizational and economic provision of employment of the population with a projection on the achievement of criteria for the sustainability of the development of the agricultural sector and territories is methodologically substantiated and conceptualized. Tabl.: 4. Refs.: 50.
Key words: farms; employment; entrepreneurship; socio-economic efficiency; family farms; agricultural sector; rural areas

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